Ulcerative colitis is a chronic disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks the lining of the colon or large intestine. This causes inflammation and leads to the growth of open sores or ulcers. It is a form of inflammatory bowel disease, which affects 1.3 percent of adults in the United States. As ulcerative colitis affects the digestive system, it may cause constipation. Constipation is a common problem that has many different causes, including low-fiber diets, a lack of physical activity, certain medications, and health conditions. Ulcerative colitis is most often associated with diarrhea and bloody, frequent stools. However, for some individuals with ulcerative colitis, constipation is also a problem. Many people think they need to have at least one bowel movement each day, and a failure to do so means they are constipated. However, the normal frequency for bowel movements ranges from three a day to three a week. Constipation is when a person has fewer than three … [Read more...] about Remedies for ulcerative colitis constipation
Urology / Nephrology
Occasional diarrhea is a common occurrence. Most people will experience an episode of diarrhea at least once or twice a year that will disappear in a couple of days. Luckily, there are many foods to eat that may help a person reduce the symptoms of diarrhea. There are also some foods to avoid when dealing with a bout of diarrhea, and some additional home care tips to consider. Anyone who is experiencing persistent diarrhea should see a doctor, as a person may become dehydrated over time. Diarrhea is a bowel movement that is more liquid than solid or has a loose texture. It is a common problem and may occur a couple of times each year. Diarrhea will usually last no more than 3 days. People with chronic digestive conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or Crohn's disease, may experience diarrhea more regularly. In addition to loose or runny stools, diarrhea is also associated with other digestive symptoms, including: cramps abdominal bloating and pain a bubbly feeling in the … [Read more...] about What foods to eat if you have diarrhea
Pain in the lower left abdomen is often no cause for concern, but it is still not something a person should ignore. Causes of pain in the lower left abdomen may be benign, such as gas pain, or can be more serious, as in the case of an infection. People experiencing persistent or chronic pain in the lower abdomen should seek medical attention. Similarly, a sudden onset of severe pain in the lower left abdomen may require immediate medical care. There are several possible causes of lower left abdomen pain. Some causes are more common and benign, while others can be serious and require medical attention. 1. Diverticulitis Diverticulitis is one of the most common causes of lower left abdominal pain. Diverticulitis occurs when diverticula (small pouches) in the intestinal wall become infected and inflamed. Diverticula form in weak areas of the large intestine, which is often referred to as the colon. Diverticula are present in many adults. As a person ages, the number of diverticula … [Read more...] about What causes pain in the lower left abdomen?
Gallbladder sludge is a collection of cholesterol, calcium, bilirubin, and other compounds that build up in the gallbladder. It is sometimes called biliary sludge because it occurs when bile stays in the gallbladder for too long. Bile is a greenish-yellow fluid that produced in the liver and stored in the gallbladder. It helps the body digest fats. When small particles from bile remain in the gallbladder for too long, these particles can collect as gallbladder sludge. Gallbladder sludge is a buildup of substances in the gallbladder. It is not a medical condition on its own but can lead to conditions, such as gallstones and pancreatitis. It can also go away on its own. In most cases, a doctor discovers gallbladder sludge during an ultrasound of the gallbladder. Gallbladder sludge is more frequently diagnosed in people with gallbladder and liver issues because people with these types of conditions are more likely to undergo diagnostic imaging tests. Not all people with gallbladder sludge … [Read more...] about What you need to know about gallbladder sludge
Diarrhea is characterized by loose or watery stools. Most people experience this widespread illness at some point in their lives, with short-term cases of diarrhea being the second most commonly reported illness in the United States. Diarrhea that lasts longer than 4 weeks is classified as chronic diarrhea, according to the American College of Gastroenterology. While acute cases of diarrhea are not usually anything to worry about, chronic diarrhea may cause other problems if not treated. This article discusses chronic diarrhea, its causes, and the available treatment options. There are many causes of chronic diarrhea, with some of the most common including: Excessive alcohol or caffeine intake Drinking large amounts of alcohol or caffeine-containing drinks such as coffee or cola can cause loose and watery stools. When a person stops consuming these substances or consumes them in more moderate amounts, symptoms should resolve. Sugar and dairy Certain sugars and artificial … [Read more...] about What is chronic diarrhea and how is it treated?
For most, benign prostatic hyperplasia is a mild inconvenience that can be treated with a drug called Flomax. But Flomax does not work well for everyone. Some alternatives can help men with this condition relieve their symptoms and feel better. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or an enlarged prostate can cause painful and frequent urination, bladder stones, and incontinence. According to one estimate, nearly 1 in 5 men between 55 and 74 experience this condition. Flomax, the branded version of the drug tamsulosin, is often prescribed to relieve the symptoms of BPH. Flomax is one of a group of drugs called alpha-1 blockers that can help urine flow more easily. Commonly known as alpha-blockers, these drugs change the behavior of the hormones adrenaline and noradrenaline. This can relax muscles in the urinary tract, making it easier to urinate. Flomax is considered a selective alpha-blocker, which means it targets the urinary tract specifically and has less effect on other muscles. In … [Read more...] about Are there any alternatives to Flomax?
Low levels of the waste product creatinine in the body could be a sign that the liver or muscles are not working as well as they should. We find out what causes creatinine levels to drop, whether this is always a cause for concern, and what can be done to restore healthier levels. When the body uses the amino acid creatine for energy, creatinine is left behind as waste. The levels of creatinine in the bloodstream or urine can be checked if there is a concern that someone may have a disease of the liver or muscles. More often, low creatinine levels are a sign of losing muscle mass as people age, or it is a temporary condition during pregnancy or periods of illness, or due to malnutrition. The amino acid called creatine has gained popularity as a dietary supplement due to evidence that it may increase body mass, improve short-term intense exercise performance, and aid in recovery. When creatine breaks down as it is used for energy, creatinine is created as a waste … [Read more...] about All you need to know about low creatinine levels
Urine tests can check for a range of things, including blood in the urine, infection, and other systemic conditions. They are frequently used for diagnosing and monitoring diabetes. In this article, we look at types of urine tests for diabetes and how to understand the results. Urine tests are important for both the diagnosis and monitoring of diabetes. Urine testing is less accurate than blood testing but is useful as a screening test for people who already know they have diabetes. Urine tests can also be used to check for glucose in the urine of people who are undiagnosed. A urine test will be looking for three things: glucose, ketones, and protein. Glucose Having glucose in the urine may indicate diabetes, although it can also be caused by other conditions. For example, pregnant women who do not have diabetes may have glucose in their urine. Glucose is not normally found in urine, but it can pass from the kidneys into the urine in people who have diabetes. Ketones Ketone is a … [Read more...] about Urine test for diabetes: What you need to know
Diabetic nephropathy refers to kidney disease that occurs in people with diabetes. The kidneys help regulate the amount of fluids and salts in the body, which helps to control blood pressure and releases different types of hormones. Nephropathy is the term used when the kidneys start to incur damage, which can ultimately lead to kidney failure. In this article, we look at the link between diabetes and kidney failure. Kidney problems are relatively common in people with diabetes. This is because diabetes affects the arteries in the body and the kidney filters blood from those arteries. It is estimated that around 40 percent of people who have type 2 diabetes develop nephropathy. People with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes can be affected by nephropathy. Diabetic nephropathy is a significant cause of long-term kidney disease and end-stage renal disease (ESRD), which is when the kidneys no longer work well enough to meet the needs of daily life. There are five stages of diabetic … [Read more...] about What is diabetic nephropathy?
Creatinine is a natural waste product in the body that is created by the daily motion of the muscles. Creatinine is found in the blood and urine, and is processed out of the body by the kidneys. The blood needs to be as clean as possible for the body to function at its best. Blood that is high in creatinine puts a person at risk for potentially life-threatening kidney disorders, such as uremia. Doctors often use a creatinine test to determine how well the kidney is functioning, as high creatinine levels in the blood or urine may signal a problem with the kidney. The best way to lower creatinine levels is to treat the underlying cause. There are also many diet and lifestyle changes that can help to reduce creatinine. Routine blood tests can measure creatinine levels. A doctor will usually order more than one test to diagnose high creatinine, because some medications, supplements, and foods can temporarily raise the levels of creatinine in the body. High creatinine levels can also occur … [Read more...] about How to lower creatinine levels