Penis shrinkage is a decrease in penis size. Sometimes, the shrinkage is permanent, and other times, it is the result of a treatable condition or due to lifestyle habits. Penis size varies amongst men, and in some cases, considerably. A study shows that neither race nor ethnicity has anything to do with penis size. While many men may think they have above average size penises, most fall into the range experts consider normal size. Research from BJU International finds average penis size falls within the following ranges: Average length of a flaccid penis: 9.16 centimeters (about 3.6 inches) Average length of a flaccid stretched penis: 13.24 cm (about 5.3 inches) Average length of an erect penis: 13.12 cm (about 5.2 inches) Average circumference of a flaccid penis: 9.31cm (about 3.7 inches) Average circumference of an erect penis: 11.66 cm (about 4.6 inches) Penis shrinkage is widespread as men age, but there are many other reasons why a penis may shrink: Aging As men age, fatty … [Read more...] about What is penis shrinkage and why does it happen?
Urology / Nephrology
A urinary tract infection is an infection caused by bacteria in any part of the urinary system, which is made up of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra. Most urinary tract infections (UTIs) affect the bladder and the urethra, which is the tube that drains urine from the bladder to outside the body. Although a UTI is one of the most common infections in women, it is rare in men. UTIs are estimated to affect around 3 percent of men worldwide each year. This means that most men will have never had a UTI, especially if they are young. When a UTI develops in men, it is usually considered complicated and more likely to spread to the kidneys and upper urinary tract. Some cases may even require surgery. We learn more about this condition, including its symptoms and treatment options, in this article. Men with UTIs may have no signs or symptoms of the infection. However, when symptoms do occur, they can include: pain during urination frequent urge to urinate inability to start … [Read more...] about All you need to know about UTIs in men
Several different conditions can cause pain in the lower right area of the abdomen. Some of these are severe and require immediate medical attention, so it is important to know the differences. The abdomen is the area between the chest and the pelvis. It contains vital organs involved in digestion, such as the intestines and the liver. The lower right portion of the abdomen contains a part of the colon, and the right ovary in women. This article will outline the potential causes of pain in the lower right abdomen, their symptoms, and whether someone should seek medical assistance for them. Pain in the lower right abdomen can mean several different things. It can often be brief and not require any medical attention. These less serious causes include: Indigestion Pain can be felt in the lower abdomen region as a result of indigestion, which can be accompanied by other symptoms, such as heartburn and flatulence. Indigestion is easily managed with over-the-counter medication but may … [Read more...] about What is this pain in my lower right abdomen?
Water weight, also called edema, is very common and rarely a cause for concern. However, it may feel uncomfortable and can cause unwanted bloating or puffiness in the body. This article outlines simple, healthy lifestyle tips for tackling water weight. There are a variety of ways a person can lose water weight quickly and naturally. We look at the most effective techniques: 1. Reduce sodium (salt) intake An easy first step for beating water weight is to replace sodium-rich foods with low-sodium equivalents. Too much sodium, or salt, can cause immediate water retention. This is because the body needs to keep its sodium-to-water ratio balanced to function properly, so will hold on to water if too much salt is consumed. The latest Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend no more than 2,300 milligrams (mg) of sodium per day. An average American will eat over 3,400 mg every day. Table salt is very high in sodium, but 75 percent of the sodium people consume is hidden in processed foods. … [Read more...] about How to lose water weight naturally
Ginger ale has long been a popular home remedy for diarrhea and stomach discomfort. It is not the carbonation that fights stomach pain, though — it's the ginger. Research increasingly points to the value of ginger as a natural diarrhea remedy. Herbal practitioners have long used ginger to prevent muscle spasms. This property of ginger can reduce the frequency of urges to have a bowel movement, and can ease the pain of diarrhea. Western medical practitioners are now interested in the role ginger can play in preventing gastrointestinal problems, including morning sickness, diarrhea, bloating, gas, and nausea. The anti-diarrhea benefits of ginger likely come from phytochemicals. Researchers, holistic practitioners, and various doctors have suggested some ways ginger might help with diarrhea. Those include: Changing muscle spasms in the lower digestive tract to help the body flush out the source of diarrhea. Preventing chills due to illness. Changing the behavior of specific … [Read more...] about What to know about ginger for diarrhea
Too much phosphate in the blood is known as hyperphosphatemia. The most common cause is kidney disease, but other conditions can lead to phosphate levels being out of balance. Phosphate is a chemical found in the body. It contains a mineral called phosphorus that occurs naturally in many foods. Phosphorus supports bones and teeth to develop and helps turn food into energy for the body to use. The kidneys naturally control levels of phosphates. However, if the kidneys are not working efficiently, they may not be able to remove enough phosphate, leading to high levels in the body. Treatment for hyperphosphatemia will depend on the underlying condition. For people with kidney disease, a combination of diet and medication are used to keep phosphate levels under control. Hyperphosphatemia does not usually have apparent symptoms. It is more likely that the symptoms of an underlying disease that can cause high phosphate levels, such as uncontrolled diabetes, are spotted first. If levels of … [Read more...] about What is hyperphosphatemia?
Painful ejaculation can harm relationships, undermine self-esteem, and turn one of life's pleasures into a source of frustration. It can be a scary experience, but it is nothing to be ashamed of. For most men, it manifests as pain during or immediately following ejaculation. Some men feel embarrassed when ejaculation is painful, but it is a relatively common symptom. It is also highly treatable and can be the first symptom of another problem, such as swelling in the prostate. Various studies have found that between 1–10 percent of men experience this symptom. As many as 30–75 percent of men with a condition called prostatitis experience pain during ejaculation. In this article, we examine the symptoms and causes of painful ejaculation, along with what can be done to treat them. The symptoms of painful ejaculation vary from man to man. They may also change over time. Some men only experience symptoms after having sex with a partner, but not when they masturbate. A few of the … [Read more...] about Why does it hurt when I ejaculate?
Biliary colic can happen when a gallstone blocks a bile duct, causing intense stomach pain. It is also known as a gallstone attack or gallbladder attack. Many people have gallstones without realizing it, as they rarely cause symptoms. But if people experience biliary colic, they may need surgery to remove the stones. Diet may play a part in creating gallstones, and eating a more healthful diet could prevent them forming. Treatment for biliary colic is usually surgery to remove the gallbladder, which will prevent the problem from happening again. Biliary colic is intense stomach pain caused by gallstones. The pain can come and go in "attacks." Some 10 to 15 percent of adults in developed countries are affected by gallstones. Each year, only 1 to 4 percent of those people will have biliary colic. The gallbladder is an organ in the body where bile is stored. Bile is a substance produced by the liver that helps with digestion in the small intestine. This part of the intestine is connected … [Read more...] about Biliary colic: Causes and treatment
Uremia is a dangerous medical condition that causes urea to accumulate in the blood. Urea is the waste that the kidneys usually help to filter away. Uremia is a symptom of kidney failure. When the kidneys cannot filter waste properly, it can enter the bloodstream. In this article, we examine the effects of uremia and what can be done to treat this condition. This article also covers the various symptoms and causes of uremia. Uremia translates into "urine in the blood." The kidneys act as the body's filters, getting rid of waste and potentially dangerous substances that pass through. When the kidneys do not work well, waste products can back up into the blood. Uremia is a side effect of kidney failure, so treating the condition requires treating the kidneys. People suffering from uremia usually have proteins, creatine, and other substances in their blood. This contamination can affect almost every system of the body. Most people with uremia experience symptoms. However, people with … [Read more...] about All you need to know about uremia
Thrombosed hemorrhoids happen when sacs in the anal passage get pushed onto the outside of the anus and fill with blood clots. What are the symptoms of thrombosed hemorrhoids and what causes them? Having thrombosed hemorrhoids can be painful. They may make everyday activities uncomfortable, such as walking, sitting, or going to the toilet. Thrombosed hemorrhoids can affect anyone and are not a sign of being unhealthy. This article explores the symptoms, causes, and outlook for this common condition. A person's anal canal is lined with blood vessels. When these blood vessels become dilated or swollen, they can form a hemorrhoid. Hemorrhoids can be on the inside of the anal passage or form on the outside of the anus. Hemorrhoids on the inside are called internal hemorrhoids, and those on the outside are called external hemorrhoids. Thrombosed hemorrhoids occur when either an internal or external hemorrhoid fills with blood clots. The name comes from the word "thrombosis," which means … [Read more...] about Thrombosed hemorrhoids: What you need to know