Parkinsonism is a disease that occurs when a person has symptoms and brain dysfunction commonly associated with Parkinson's disease but also has other symptoms related to an additional condition or cause. A person who has Parkinsonism will also have another disorder that causes additional neurological symptoms, ranging from dementia to the inability to look up and down. Parkinson's disease itself refers to dysfunction and cell death of the portion of the brain that produces dopamine. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter — a chemical that transmits signals between brain and nerve cells. It is partially responsible for making controlled movements in the body. In this article, we take a look at the symptoms of Parkinsonism, how the disease is diagnosed, and what can be done to treat it. A person with Parkinsonism usually starts developing symptoms at anywhere from age 50 to 80, according to the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center. Parkinson's disease can cause varying and … [Read more...] about What is Parkinsonism?
Seniors / Aging
People with atypical Parkinsonism develop the same symptoms as those with Parkinson's disease, such as tremors and stiffness, but the disease also causes a range of additional problems. People with atypical Parkinsonism do not tend to respond to traditional Parkinson's disease treatments. In this article, learn about the symptoms and types of atypical Parkinsonism and the treatments available. Some people who have Parkinson's disease experience symptoms that are typical of the disease as well as other symptoms that are not typical of the disease. When this occurs, doctors call the condition atypical Parkinsonism or Parkinsonism plus syndrome. Parkinson's disease is a progressive disorder that affects the brain, chiefly causing changes in movement. Some of the most common symptoms include tremors, muscle stiffness, and changes in a person's gait when walking. Atypical Parkinsonism has several known syndromes that affect a person's overall health. Examples include Lewy body dementia, a … [Read more...] about What is atypical Parkisonism?
Parkinson's disease is a brain disorder that causes coordination issues, including tremors and speech impediments. A person may have all or only some of the symptoms associated with Parkinson's. While everyone with Parkinson's experiences the disease differently, it is broken down into several stages depending on the symptoms. In this article, we look at the signs and symptoms that are typically present at each stage of the disease. Parkinson's disease is broken into five stages. Each stage presents changing or new symptoms that a person is likely to encounter. Dividing the disease into stages helps doctors and caregivers understand and address some of the challenges a person is experiencing as the disease progresses. Stage 1 During the initial stages of Parkinson's disease, the symptoms are typically not severe. A person can perform everyday tasks with minimal issues, so many of the signs and symptoms of stage 1 can be missed. Some signs and symptoms of this stage include changes … [Read more...] about Parkinson’s stages: Signs and symptoms
A heel spur is a condition where a calcium deposit grows between the heel and arch of the foot. What are the symptoms of heels spurs and what increases a person's risk of developing them? Heels spurs may happen independently or may be related to an underlying health condition. People often assume that heels spurs are the cause of any pain in the heel, but other factors can also cause heel pain. This article explores the symptoms of heel spurs, as well as other causes of heel pain. It also discusses the causes, risk factors, and treatments for the condition. A heel spur is a bony outgrowth that can occur on the underside of a person's foot. They are also known as calcaneal spurs or osteophytes. Heel spurs may be pointy, hooked, or shelf-like. The outgrowth of a heel spur extends from the underneath of the heel towards the arch (the middle of the foot). This area of the foot is called the plantar fascia. When seen on an X-ray, a heel spur may be up to half an inch long. If an X-ray is … [Read more...] about Heel spurs: What you need to know
Urosepsis is a term used to describe a type of sepsis that is caused by an infection in the urinary tract. It is a complication often caused by urinary tract infections that are not treated quickly or properly. Urosepsis is a serious complication of a urinary tract infection (UTI) that requires immediate medical care to avoid a possible life-threatening event. Anyone experiencing the symptoms of urosepsis should seek emergency medical attention. Because urosepsis is a complication of a UTI, most people with the condition are likely to have symptoms of a UTI already. The most common UTIs are bladder infections, and symptoms include: frequent urges to urinate a burning or itching sensation while urinating feeling that the bladder is full, even after urinating cloudy urine blood in the urine foul-smelling urine pain during sex pressure in the lower back or lower abdomen malaise, or a feeling of being generally unwell If the infection spreads beyond the bladder, it can reach the higher … [Read more...] about Urosepsis: What to know about UTI complications
Varicose veins are swollen and enlarged veins. They are often blue or dark purple and lumpy, bulging, and twisted in appearance. They occur on the legs and feet. Not all varicose veins bulge to the surface; sometimes they can be invisible and buried deep in the body. Therefore, some people experience pain and discomfort for a long time before discovering the cause. Almost anyone can have varicose veins, and according to the Society for Vascular Surgery, they affect around 35 percent of people in America. Sometimes, varicose veins cause no symptoms, while other times, they produce a range of symptoms. Common symptoms include: aching and uncomfortable legs swollen feet and ankles burning or throbbing muscle cramps, particularly at night itchy skin over the affected area skin discoloration heaviness or fatigue in the legs Symptoms tend to be worse during warm weather, late in the day, or when a person has been standing up for extended periods. Pain Varicose veins are a common cause of … [Read more...] about All you need to know about varicose vein pain
It is normal for hair color to change, as people age. But white hair can appear at almost any time in life. Even teenagers and people in their 20s may notice strands of white hair. The human body has millions of hair follicles or small sacs lining the skin. The follicles generate hair and color or pigment cells that contain melanin. Over time, hair follicles lose pigment cells, resulting in white hair color. In this article, we look at some common causes of prematurely white hair, along with ways to slow the graying process down or prevent it, in some instances. There can be many causes besides age that result in a person's hair turning white. Vitamin deficiencies Any deficiencies of vitamin B-6, B-12, biotin, vitamin D, or vitamin E can contribute to premature graying. One 2015 report in the journal Development notes various deficiency studies on vitamin D-3, vitamin B-12, and copper and their connection to graying hair. It finds nutritional deficiencies affect pigmentation, … [Read more...] about What you should know about white hair
Many bones in the body, including those of the wrists and hands, are protected by cartilage. Cartilage can wear down over time. As a result, a person can experience a condition known as osteoarthritis. Another name for this type of arthritis is "wear and tear" arthritis. The most common causes of osteoarthritis include age, repetitive joint movement, trauma, and sex. Genetics can also play a factor in the development of osteoarthritis. Arthritis in the hands may also be caused by rheumatoid arthritis or post-traumatic arthritis. Both osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) can affect the hands. While osteoarthritis is due to degenerative changes in cartilage, RA is the result of an autoimmune condition. RA occurs when the body's immune system attacks healthy tissue that protects the joints. The resulting symptoms can be similar to those of osteoarthritis, including pain, inflammation, and redness. RA can occur with no risk factors. However, women are more likely to experience the … [Read more...] about How do you manage arthritis in hands?
Many different health conditions can cause changes in the nails and nail bed, including shaping ridges in the nails. Vertical ridges in the fingernails are most common and are usually harmless. There are times when ridges in the fingernails could be a sign of an underlying condition, especially if the ridges are horizontal. A thorough diagnosis can help people and their doctors decide on a proper treatment plan in each case. Vertical ridges caused by aging Just as the skin may show signs of aging, the fingernails and nail beds may also start to change with age. The nails themselves may also: become thicker or thinner lose their smooth shape begin to split fissure break easily The nails may also start forming any number of vertical ridges as they grow. These ridges run from the tip of the finger down to the bottom of the nail and are not usually a cause for concern. A trip to a dermatologist may still help in cases where symptoms cause pain or unsightly nails. Other … [Read more...] about All you need to know about ridges in fingernails
Having thick nails is an unsightly condition that can affect not just fingernails but toenails too. Thick toenails, if left untreated, can worsen and cause pain. There are many potential causes of thick nails. If these are known, a person may be able to prevent thick nails from forming and treat them quickly if they do develop. In this article, we examine the causes as well as the accompanying symptoms and treatment options for thick toenails. Fingernails and toenails act as a strong barrier between the soft tissue of the nail bed under them and the environment beyond. Most people use their fingernails daily, to scratch an itch or for manual tasks, such as removing lids on jars or bottles. As a person ages, their nails can start to break down, or they may develop a condition that causes thick nails to form. Although there are many potential causes of thick nails, in the toenails a fungal infection is the most common cause. Other diseases, such as psoriasis or diabetes, may also cause … [Read more...] about Why do toenails become thick?