A feeling of tightness in a person's stomach is usually the result of digestive or hormonal issues. The sensation often goes away on its own, but it can also signal an underlying health issue. This article will look at potential causes of a tight stomach, including: constipation indigestion food poisoning irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) hiatal hernia gastritis premenstrual syndrome (PMS) pregnancy It will also discuss symptoms, treatments, and ways to prevent a tight stomach. A tight stomach can feel different for everyone. It may feel as if the abdominal muscles are contracting and creating pressure in the stomach. The feeling can come from the abdominal muscles, the stomach wall lining, or the organs surrounding the stomach. The tight sensation is often a temporary discomfort caused by diet or hormones. However, it can also be a symptom of an underlying condition. In most cases, a tight stomach is caused by physical factors, such as digestive issues or hormonal changes. The … [Read more...] about Why does my stomach feel tight?
Pregnancy / Obstetrics
Hydranencephaly is a rare disability present at birth that causes a central nervous system disorder. When it occurs, the front hemispheres or cerebrum of a baby's brain are missing. In their place, the cerebrospinal fluid that typically cushions the brain fills the space. The condition affects both male and female babies at equal rates. Some babies may be at higher risk of developing it if either of the parents carries genes that are suspected of causing the disorder. While some scientists suspect genetics may play a role in hydranencephaly, the exact cause is unknown, and there is no cure for the condition. Often, a baby with hydranencephaly will die in the womb or within a few months of birth. When a baby is born with hydranencephaly, there may or may not be obvious symptoms that the baby has the disorder. In clear cases, the baby's head appears enlarged. When the head is not enlarged, it may take weeks or even months for symptoms to be observed and suspected. Often, a baby may have … [Read more...] about What is the outlook for hydranencephaly?
A bicornuate uterus occurs when a woman has a uterus that is heart-shaped. Hence, the condition is sometimes referred to as "heart-shaped womb." The uterus in the female body is the organ where a fertilized egg grows and develops into a baby. The shape of a woman's uterus can be significant when she is trying to conceive, as well as during her pregnancy. A woman with a bicornuate uterus may find that her baby lies in an irregular position, which can affect childbirth. Some reports have shown that this womb variation does not make a difference when a woman is trying to get pregnant. It is thought that having a heart-shaped uterus does not affect embryo implantation. However, prior research suggests that having a uterine abnormality is more common in women who have not managed to conceive a child. A bicornuate uterus can also increase the risk of a woman having a miscarriage in the later stages of pregnancy, and of her baby being delivered early. These problems are thought to be due to … [Read more...] about What is a bicornuate uterus?
Botox is an injectable drug made from highly-purified botulinum toxin type A, a neurotoxin that temporarily paralyzes muscles and comes from the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. Clostridium is found naturally in the environment and the gastrointestinal tract of animals. Usually, the bacterium only produces toxins when it overgrows and causes infection. The American Society of Plastic Surgeons estimate that 6.6 million women underwent Botox injections in 2016, making it the most popular form of minimally invasive cosmetic surgery performed in the United States. There are medical conditions that may benefit from Botox therapy. These include: neuromuscular conditions that impact muscle control, such as cerebral palsy severe migraine headaches excessive sweating incontinence or urine leakage gastrointestinal tract conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome spasm of the eyelids spasms of the neck and shoulder muscles conditions that cause intense muscle stiffness According to the … [Read more...] about Is it safe to get Botox while breast-feeding?
The luteal phase is the phase of the ovulation cycle that occurs after the egg has been released and lasts around 2 weeks. During this time, a woman's body releases progesterone and thickens the lining of the uterus to prepare for pregnancy. When the luteal phase lasts for 10 days or less, it is known as a short luteal phase or a luteal phase defect. A woman with a short luteal phase may have a harder time getting or staying pregnant. Her body will not have as much progesterone as a woman with a longer luteal phase. However, treatments are available for women with short luteal phases who wish to become pregnant. In this article, we take a look at the symptoms of a short luteal phase, along with what causes it and the treatment options that are available. There are often few symptoms for a woman who has a short luteal phase. In fact, many women will not realize they have a short luteal phase until they attempt to conceive. A short luteal phase is one major cause of fertility issues in … [Read more...] about How does a short luteal phase affect fertility?
Nipple fissures are painful cracks on the skin of the nipple and areola. Nipple fissures are common during pregnancy and breast-feeding, but may be caused by friction in some athletes. People who experience nipple fissures should treat them with care, as it is possible for the area to become infected. Home treatments can provide relief in many cases, though there are times when it is important to see a doctor. Preventing nipple fissures before they happen is the best way to avoid symptoms and complications. There are a variety of reasons why nipple fissures occur: Pregnancy and breast-feeding Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause the breasts to become more full. The extra fullness can stretch the skin and irritate the areola and nipple, which may lead to fissures. Women who have problems with breast-feeding may also develop nipple fissures. If the baby does not latch on correctly, they may put too much force on the sensitive skin of the nipple and areola. This could cause … [Read more...] about What you should know about nipple fissures
Biotin is a B vitamin also known as vitamin H or B-7. It helps the body convert carbohydrates into glucose, which it needs to make energy. Biotin also helps metabolize fat and amino acids, which the body uses to build protein. Protein is needed to repair and maintain cells. It is rare for a healthy person eating a balanced diet to suffer from biotin deficiency. B vitamins help convert carbohydrates into glucose, which the body uses for energy. B vitamins also help the body process fats and protein, and the nervous system to function. Sometimes referred to as B complex vitamins, they are needed for healthy skin, hair, eyes, and for liver functioning. Biotin is available in small amounts in some foods. Additionally, the microbiome, which is the bacterial population living in the intestines, makes biotin Similarly to all B vitamins, biotin is water-soluble. That means it dissolves in the water inside the body and cannot be stored. People with health conditions that impact how the body … [Read more...] about All you should know about biotin deficiency
Vitamin K deficiency in adults is rare but does occur in infants. The main symptom of a vitamin K deficiency is excessive bleeding caused by an inability to form blood clots. In this article, we look at the function of vitamin K in the body, as well as the symptoms and treatments for a vitamin K deficiency. Vitamin K comes in two forms. The first type is known as vitamin K-1 or phylloquinone and can be found in plants, such as spinach and kale. The second is known as vitamin K-2 or menaquinone and is found in the body and created naturally in the intestinal tract. Both vitamin K-1 and vitamin K-2 produce proteins that help the blood to clot. Blood clotting or coagulation prevents excessive bleeding internally and externally. While vitamin K deficiency is rare, it means a person's body cannot produce enough of these proteins, increasing the risk of excessive bleeding. Most adults obtain an adequate supply of vitamin K through the foods they eat and through what their body naturally … [Read more...] about Vitamin K deficiency: What you need to know
Antiemetic drugs are types of chemicals that help ease symptoms of nausea or vomiting. Antiemetic drugs may also be used to treat nausea and vomiting caused by other medications, frequent motion sickness, infections, or stomach flu. Antiemetic drugs help to block specific neurotransmitters in the body. These neurotransmitters trigger impulses such as nausea and vomiting, so blocking the impulses will help shut them down. Feeling nauseated might seem like a simple reaction in the body, but it is a complex process. Because of this, there is a range of antiemetic drugs, each of which is designed to work in different situations. There are many different causes of nausea, and certain classes of antiemetic drugs are designed to treat each cause. Below are the most common antiemetic drugs, grouped by the kind of nausea they can treat: Antiemetic drugs for motion sickness Some antihistamine medications may help prevent nausea and vomiting caused by motion sickness. A few of these medications … [Read more...] about Types and side effects of antiemetic drugs
Dry heaving is retching or going through the motions and sensation of vomiting without producing any vomit. Dry heaves are extremely common and often occur after periods of vomiting. They can also occur alone as a symptom or side effect of an underlying medical condition or as the result of certain situations and medications. Dry heaving is also considered the first stage of vomiting, though it does not always lead to vomiting. Although it can be unpleasant, most cases of dry heaving only last for a short time and resolve with basic care. For cases caused by excessive alcohol consumption, a person should immediately stop drinking alcohol and switch to clear fluids. Moderate to severe cases of nausea and dry heaving, however, can cause serious dehydration and potentially damage the tissues and organs. The most common medical treatment options for severe dry heaving are intravenous fluid (IV) fluids and anti-nausea medications (antiemetics). If dry heaving is related to a specific … [Read more...] about How to stop dry heaving